While we tend to think that our animals need routine, routines can become ruts. Ruts aren’t fun. Animals understand patterns and when they predict something enjoyable, they can become disappointed and frustrated if it doesn’t happen. On the other hand, if we surprise them with something new, it helps to build some resilience for those times when unexpected or unavoidable situations disrupt the routine. We can help our dogs learn that different can be a good thing.
The annual Clicker Expo (East) was held last weekend in Virginia Beach (it’s in a different city each year). I flew down Thursday and arrived in time to meet up with old friends and new at the reception. As this is my third Expo, I found I’ve gotten a little jaded- I now know that the people there will be kind and encouraging, the dogs well behaved and happy. My first year I was astonished by the overall positive feel of the place! It doesn’t make it any less wonderful to be surrounded by all that reinforcement, however.
The challenge, after hearing lectures, watching labs and sharing stories with fellow trainers, is which projects to take on upon my return. There are so many things I want to do! I started off by attending Ken Ramirez’s lecture, “What a Concept: New Frontiers in Concept Training” followed by observing the associated lab where a dozen or so dogs and handlers got to try out some beginning concept training under Ken’s guidance.
Ken covered three basic concepts: Match to Sample (where the dog is shown an object and then must choose an identical object from a collection of varied items); Do As I Do (where the dog mimics either another dog or his handler); and Counting (in which the dog demonstrates an ability to distinguish the number of objects in a collection). When I walked out of that lab, I wanted to attempt all three projects and I wanted to do them with both dogs and horses.
On Saturday, I started the morning by listening to Laurie Luck‘s lecture “At Your Service: Teaching Service Dog Behaviors”. The lab for this lecture was at the end of the day. In her lecture, Laurie stressed that the things a service dog does are “just behaviors”. They can be trained just like any other behavior, once you break them down into manageable components. In the lab, she coached many dog/handler teams through the beginning of teaching a dog the opposites “push” and “pull” and then scent detection, as a service dog who learns to alert a diabetic to low blood sugar would.
This lab rekindled my desire to do some nose work with Beetle (whose sight and hearing have faded with age, but whose nose works just fine!).
The topic which surprised me most was the lecture Hannah Branigan gave, “Obedience Competition: Break It Down to Build It Up!”. I have not previously been interested in obedience competition for dogs, but this talk opened my eyes to the many different behaviors required of these dogs AND I was hit with a realization of how useful the techniques Hannah explained would be for Dressage with horses. My mind was just popping with connections and it’s one of the things I love about learning about training dogs- takes me right outside the box with the horses. I could not attend the lab with this lecture (we are limited to one lab per day so that everyone gets a chance to get in to limited space), but the talk did inspire me to attend another lecture of Hannah’s on Sunday, “Prep School for Competition Dogs”. By the end of this, I was thinking it would be fun to do some of these exercises with Eloise until the snow melts and I can try them with the horses.
On Sunday, I was able to be a coach in Kay Laurence‘s lab “The Craft of Fine Slicing”. In this lab, Kay asked participants what behaviors they would like to teach, and she then showed them how to slice these behaviors down into the smallest beginning components- where do you start to teach a dog to back, to turn to left or right or to cross its paws? She stressed the importance of a base position- a position from which you can begin to shape other behaviors. She frequently likes to begin with a base position of “standing with stillness”. This means the dog is simply standing and waiting for your guidance. I decided that with all the glory of the things I had seen over the weekend, that was probably a good place to start.
Kay had demonstrated how she tossed treats behind the dog and then clicked as he returned while he was still standing. Many dogs have a “default” behavior of sitting or lying down- we train these early and they are pretty strong. Eloise well knows that if there is any question, it’s a good idea to hit the ground. Trying to catch a dog whose legs are only 6 inches long before she drops is a hard thing to do! I was tossing treats as Kay had, but Eloise kept sliding right into a sit or down when she came back. Kay, and others, have stressed the importance of observing and setting the dogs up for success so I watched and tried to figure out what I could do. At one point, I tossed a treat higher than previously and Eloise jumped up to snatch it out of the air- that time she came back and stood in front of me, ready to leap up again. Aha! That was the way I could keep her on her feet. I tossed the next ten treats up, she jumped up to catch them and then stood waiting for the next one. I could then click as she stood, even withholding the click for a few seconds as she continued to stand, and then toss another treat. Ten clicks, ten stands. We have a start.
I still have plans for the other projects. I also began Beetle on the nose work this afternoon. But one thing at a time. There were many other lectures I attended which addressed more nuanced topics of how to go about training- with luck, I will retain those thoughts to be woven into my daily interactions.